Inventory Site Record

Thornhill Crescent (Islington)

Brief Description

Thornhill Estate was laid out by Joseph Kay, surveyor from 1813-1849 for the Thornhill family from Yorkshire. By the early C19th they owned large tracts of land, including 86 acres in Islington, largely let for dairy farming. Thornhill Crescent was begun c.1849 by Samuel Pocock, a dairy farmer in the area. St Andrew's Church was built in 1852-54 on a site donated by George Thornhill and is surrounded by a public garden with flower beds, paths and trees around the perimeter. The need for the new church reflected the growth of the parish.

Practical Information
Site location:
Thornhill Crescent/Bridgeman Road
What 3 Words:
Type of site:
Public Gardens
Open to public?
Opening times:
8am - dusk
Special conditions:
no dogs
Public transport:
London Overground: Caledonian Road & Barnsbury. Rail/Tube (Northern, Metropolitan, Hammersmith & City; Circle, Victoria, Piccadilly):King's Cross. Bus: 17, 91, 259, 274, 153
Research updated:
Last minor changes:

Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.islington.gov.uk/services/parks-environment/parks/your_parks/greenspace_az

Full Site Description

Thornhill Estate was laid out by Joseph Kay, estate surveyor. See also Thornhill Square (q.v.) for history of the family and estate. Thornhill Crescent was begun in c.1849 by Samuel Pocock, a dairy farmer in the area. St Andrew's Church was built in 1852-54 by Francis B Newman and John Johnson chosen following a competition. The need for a new church reflected the growth of the parish, and St Andrew's was the largest of the new churches in Islington. The site was offered by George Thornhill who also donated £500 towards the £6,500 building costs. Samuel Pocock donated £100 for railings and Mr Wontner of Tibberton Square (q.v.) donated £2. The foundation stone was laid by the Bishop of London and St Andrew's was consecrated in 1854 by the Lord Mayor of London in the presence of City dignitaries. Around the church is a pleasant garden with flower beds, paths and trees around the perimeter, with entrance gates to the church and gardens to the south. Near Thornhill Crescent is Barnsbury Wood (q.v.), which was left as open space when the estate was built.

Sources consulted:

Mary Cosh, Barnsbury, London 1981; Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: London 4: North (Penguin, 1998)

Further Information (Planning and Conservation)
Grid ref:
TQ308841 (530801,184154)
Size in hectares:
Site ownership:
LB Islington
Site management:
Joseph Kay
Listed structures:
LB - St Andrew's Church; Nos. 1 - 33 Thornhill Crescent
On National Heritage List for England (NHLE), Parks & Gardens:

Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:

Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:


Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
In Conservation Area:
Conservation Area name:
Barnsbury Square
Tree Preservation Order:
Not known
Nature Conservation Area:
Green Belt:
Metropolitan Open Land:
Special Policy Area:
Other LA designation:
Local/strategic view corridor (part to west)

Thornhill Crescent

Photo: Sarah Jackson

Click a photo to enlarge.

Please note the Inventory and its content are provided for your general information only and are subject to change. It is your responsibility to check the accuracy.