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Inventory Site Record

Arundel and Ladbroke Gardens (Ladbroke Estate) * (Kensington & Chelsea)

Brief Description

* on The National Heritage List for England, Parks & Gardens

Part of the Ladbroke Estate, laid out as a planned garden suburb with a coherent layout of concentric crescents and large communal gardens whose features were first suggested in a plan by architect and estate surveyor Thomas Allason in 1823. His scheme was later modified by others, including James Thomson, although he remained involved until his death in 1852. Building started in the 1840s; the outer concentric crescents date from the 1860s. During the lull in building development, the land was leased for a time for a racecourse, the Hippodrome, which operated from 1837-41. After Allason's death, artist and designer Thomas Allom was responsible for the next phase of development.

Practical Information
Site location:
Kensington Park Road/Ladbroke Grove
Postcode:
W11 2EP
What 3 Words:
boot.event.sunk
Type of site:
Garden Square
Borough:
Kensington & Chelsea
Open to public?
Occasionally
Opening times:
Has opened for OGSW. Otherwise private, for keyholders only
Has taken part in Open Garden Squares Weekend 13 times, most recently in 2013.
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport:
Tube: Ladbroke Grove (Hammersmith & City), Notting Hill Gate (District/Circle/Central). Bus 7, 23, 52, 70, 452
Research updated:
01/06/2011
Last minor changes:
19/07/2023

Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.arundelladbrokegardens.co.uk

Full Site Description

Ladbroke Estate: Site on The National Heritage List for England, Parks & Gardens, for Register Entry see https://www.historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list. The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England was established in 1984 and was commonly called English Heritage. In April 2015 it split into 2 separate entities, Historic England (HE), which continues to champion and protect the historic environment, and the English Heritage Trust, whose role is to look after the 400+ historic sites and monuments owned by the state. HE manages the National Heritage List for England (NHLE) that includes over 400,000 items ranging from prehistoric monuments to office blocks, battlefields and parks, which benefit from legal protection.

The Ladbroke Estate was laid out as a planned garden suburb with a coherent layout of concentric crescents and large communal gardens whose features were first suggested in a plan by architect and estate surveyor Thomas Allason in 1823. His scheme was later modified by others, including James Thomson, although he remained involved until his death in 1852. Building started in the 1840s; the outer concentric crescents date from the 1860s. During the lull in building development, the land was leased for a time for a racecourse, the Hippodrome, which operated from 1837-41. After Allason's death, artist and designer Thomas Allom was responsible for the next phase of development.

The Arundel and Ladbroke Gardens woodland garden lies between stuccoed terraced houses along Arundel Gardens of 1863 to the north and Ladbroke Gardens, originally designed by Thomas Allom in 1852 but not completed until 1866 to the south. Private gardens lead onto the steeply sloping communal garden, planted with C19th planes and other large trees including a catalpa, horse chestnut, and two Turkey oaks, underplanted by small flowering trees and woodland shrubs. The mid C19th path layout and some of the original internal railings survive as do 11 large plane trees, 7 of which surround one of the lawns. Today it is a romantic woodland garden that has retained almost all of its original Victorian layout. It has some fine tall trees. The shrubs and ground cover show what can be done in shady conditions to provide year-round interest. Protected under 1851 Garden Square Act.

Sources consulted:

EH Register entry for Ladbroke Estate, 2002/3. See www.arundelladbrokegardens.co.uk

Further Information (Planning and Conservation)
Grid ref:
TQ246809 (524608,180903)
Size in hectares:
0.5032
Site ownership:
private
Site management:
Arundel and Ladbroke Gardens Management Committee
Date(s):
1850s/60s
Designer(s):
Thomas Allason, architect and surveyor (overall plan of Ladbroke Estate)
Listed structures:
LBII: 1 - 14 Ladbroke Gardens
On National Heritage List for England (NHLE), Parks & Gardens:

Yes
NHLE grade:
Grade II
Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:

No
Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:

Yes

Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
No
In Conservation Area:
Yes
Conservation Area name:
Ladbroke
Tree Preservation Order:
Not known
Nature Conservation Area:
Yes - Borough Importance II
Green Belt:
No
Metropolitan Open Land:
No
Special Policy Area:
Yes - Site of Archaeological Importance
Other LA designation:
None
Photos

Arundel and Ladbroke Gardens (Ladbroke Estate) *

Centre lawn looking north, towards the backs of Arundel Gardens. The white flowering shrub is a cornus kousa, June 2011. Photo: Giles Gostwick, courtesy Arundel and Ladbroke Gardens Management Committee

The curve in the Ladbroke Gardens path at the back of Nos. 1 and 2, June 2011. The shrubs are pittosporum garnettii, a pale pink ribes and hydrangea macrophylla.  Photo: Giles Gostwick, courtesy Arundel and Ladbroke Gardens Management Committee
2011
East lawn looking west, with two London planes, and the roof to the play equipment, June 2011.  Photo: Giles Gostwick, courtesy Arundel and Ladbroke Gardens Management Committee
2011
Himalayan birches and a cercis canadensis forest pansy in the south east corner by Kensington Park Road, June 2011.  Photo: Giles Gostwick, courtesy Arundel and Ladbroke Gardens Management Committee
2011

Click a photo to enlarge.

More photos

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