Inventory Site Record

Castle Hill Local Nature Reserve (Kingston)

Brief Description

The borough boundary is on an ancient lane called Chessington Park Lane, which is on the eastern boundary of Castle Hill. Earthworks here are believed to be the remains of a medieval hunting lodge that was at the northern end of a medieval deer park owned by Merton College, Oxford, so-called after William Merton, Lord of the Manor, who had enabled poor scholars to go to Oxford University. The deer park had extended to Park Farm in the south, and Bonesgate Stream to the west. Previously oak woodland, it was cleared of trees by the C19th for fields and meadows. A small area of woodland near the earthwork was planted in the C19th and a path runs through the site to Horton Country Park. It is managed as a local nature reserve.

Practical Information
Site location:
off Filby Road, Chessington
What 3 Words:
Type of site:
Public Open Land
Open to public?
Opening times:
Special conditions:
Public transport:
Rail: Chessington North (then walk). Bus: 467 (walk)
Research updated:
Last minor changes:

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Full Site Description

Castle Hill Local Nature Reserve is managed by Lower Mole Countryside Management Project with assistance from Lower Mole Countryside Trust, a charity set up to support the provision of a high quality countryside management service for the benefit of landscape, wildlife and people. Recent improvements have been made to the Castle Hill site, its access and the earthworks, funded by the Trust. Coppicing, installation of an information board and path surfacing are planned through an agreement with English Heritage.  In June 2011 three welcome signs were installed at the three main access points to the site.

The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England was established in 1984 and was commonly called English Heritage. In April 2015 it split into 2 separate entities, Historic England (HE), which continues to champion and protect the historic environment, and the English Heritage Trust, whose role is to look after the 400+ historic sites and monuments owned by the state. HE manages the National Heritage List for England (NHLE) that includes over 400,000 items ranging from prehistoric monuments to office blocks, battlefields and parks, which benefit from legal protection.

Sources consulted:

Sue Swales, Ian Yarham, Bob Britton, 'Nature Conservation in Kingston upon Thames', Ecology Handbook 18 (London Ecology Unit) 1992

Further Information (Planning and Conservation)
Grid ref:
TQ190634 (519070,163460)
Size in hectares:
Site ownership:
RBK or leased by Merton College to RBK
Site management:
Lower Mole Countryside Management Project
Listed structures:
SAM - Earthworks
On National Heritage List for England (NHLE), Parks & Gardens:

Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:

Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:


Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
In Conservation Area:
Tree Preservation Order:
Nature Conservation Area:
Yes - Borough Importance I
Green Belt:
Metropolitan Open Land:
Special Policy Area:
Yes - Area of Archaeological Significance
Other LA designation:
Local Nature Reserve

Castle Hill Local Nature Reserve

Castle Hill Local Nature Reserve - Photo: Colin Wing
Date taken: 09/04/21 11:00

Click a photo to enlarge.

More photos

Please note the Inventory and its content are provided for your general information only and are subject to change. It is your responsibility to check the accuracy.