Inventory Site Record

St Mary's Rotherhithe

St Mary's Rotherhithe (Southwark)

Brief Description

There has been a church here since at least the C10th, the present church of St Mary's Rotherhithe dating from the early C18th. Rotherhithe had strong maritime connections, with many seafarers among its parishioners. In 1620 The Mayflower sailed from here to pick up the Pilgrim Fathers, and three of its four part-owners were buried in Rotherhithe churchyard. An unusual memorial in the churchyard is that of Prince Lee Boo (d.1784), the son of the King of the Belau Islands, whose monument was erected by the East India Company. The churchyard immediately adjacent to the church was opened to the public in 1909, while the main part of the churchyard had been opened as a public garden in 1901, now called St Mary's Churchyard Gardens.

Practical Information
Previous / Other name:
Parish Church of Rotherhithe; St Mary the Virgin with All Saints
Site location:
St Marychurch Street/Rotherhithe Street
Postcode:
SE16 4JE
Type of site:
Churchyard
Borough:
Southwark
Open to public?
Yes
Opening times:
unrestricted (part to north only, rest visible through railings). Church open 7am-6pm
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Playground
Events:
Concerts in church
Public transport:
London Overground: Rotherhithe. Tube: Bermondsey (Jubilee). Bus: 47, 188, 381, C10

The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/04/2011
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.southwark.gov.uk; www.stmaryrotherhithe.org

Full Site Description

The remains of an earlier chalk and flint building in the form of the base of the medieval tower and church entrance have been found in the crypt of the present church, which dates from 1715. It was designed by John James and built on the site of an earlier church for £4,000 at the expense of the parish. Roman bricks were discovered in 1913 when the 1747 tower was underpinned as part of work carried out in memory of Emily Blanche Carr-Gomm, Lady of the Manor of Rotherhithe, by her son Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm, MP for Rotherhithe. The village of Rotherhithe had early maritime links and St Mary’s was a seafarers' parish. The wooden frame of the present building appears to have been constructed by a skilled shipwright, and when the warship 'Temeraire' was broken up in 1838, famous for her part in the Battle of Trafalgar, some of her timbers were used to make furnishings for the church, including the Communion Table and two Bishop's Chairs. The Mayflower sailed from Rotherhithe to pick up the Pilgrim Fathers and thence to the New World, and many of her crew were from Rotherhithe. The sailing in 1620 is now commemorated by a Blue Plaque. Three of the ship's four part-owners are also buried in the churchyard, Richard Gardner, John Moore and Captain Christopher Jones, the Master of the Mayflower (d.1622), who is commemorated by a plaque erected in the church in 1965 and a contemporary sculpture near the church.

An unusual memorial in the churchyard is that of Prince Lee Boo (d.1784), the son of the King of the Belau Islands, whose monument was erected by the East India Company. The King had rescued the crew of the East Indiaman 'Antelope' when it was shipwrecked in 1738 and Lee Boo returned to England with the Antelope's captain at the request of his father. He lived with the Wilson family in Paradise Row, but died of smallpox after 6 months, and was buried in the Wilson family grave in the churchyard.

An additional plot of land was acquired by the church wardens in 1820 when the churchyard was overcrowded and more burial space was needed. This opened in 1821. After it was closed to burial, it was later converted as a public garden in 1901, now called St Mary's Churchyard Gardens (q.v.). The churchyard immediately adjacent to the church was opened to the public in 1909 and both are now maintained by LB Southwark.

Sources consulted:

'The Parish Church of St Mary Rotherhithe' church guide (n.d.); Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: London 2: South (Penguin) 1999; 'The London County Council and what it does for London: London Parks and Open Spaces' (Hodder & Stoughton, 1924); Southwark Listed Buildings data; History on St Mary's Rotherhithe website

Further Information (Planning and Conservation)
Grid ref:
TQ351797
Size in hectares:
0.275
Site ownership:
Church
Site management:
LB Southwark Parks; Rotherhithe St Mary's Association
Date(s):
medieval onwards; 1909
Designer(s):
Listed structures:
LBII*: St Mary's Church. LBII: Memorial to Prince Lee Boo
On National Heritage List for England (NHLE), Parks & Gardens:

No
Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:

No
Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:

No

Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
No
In Conservation Area:
Yes
Conservation Area name:
St Mary's Rotherhithe
Tree Preservation Order:
Not known
Nature Conservation Area:
No
Green Belt:
No
Metropolitan Open Land:
No
Special Policy Area:
Yes - Archaeological Priority Zone
Other LA designation:
Tier Three; Regeneration Area. Thames Path
Photos

St Mary's Rotherhithe

Photo: London Gardens Trust

Click photo to enlarge.

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