Inventory Site Record

Ampthill Estate (Camden)

Brief Description

Ampthill Estate is on the site of Ampthill Square, a garden square laid out in 1800 as a development of terraced houses around a crescent-shaped garden. Crossed by railway tracks from Euston by the end of the C19th, in 1912 part of the land and houses were purchased by the London Midland and Scottish Railway Company. The garden was then divided into two enclosures, one maintained for local residents of the square. Little remains of the original square today and the re-landscaped area is now overlooked by C20th tower blocks, although some mature trees from the earlier landscaping survive.

Practical Information
Previous / Other name:
Ampthill Square
Site location:
Hampstead Road
What 3 Words:
Type of site:
Housing/Estate Landscaping
Open to public?
Opening times:
Special conditions:
Children's playground
Public transport:
Rail/London Overground/Tube (Northern/Victoria): Euston. Tube: Mornington Crescent (Northern). Bus: 24, 27, 29, 134, 135, 168, 253
Research updated:
Last minor changes:

Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.camden.gov.uk

Full Site Description

Ampthill Square was laid out in 1800 as a development of terraced houses around a crescent shaped garden; it appears on the O.S. map of 1894 traversed by railway tracks from the adjacent Euston terminus which occupy 1/3 of its area, the northern section laid out with trees and serpentine walks. The site of the original square is subsumed within C20th landscaping. The land was purchased together with surrounding houses by the London Midland and Scottish Railway Company in 1912, when further encroachments were made. A portion was used for the railway extension, and the crescent shaped garden was divided into two enclosures, the smallest maintained as a shrubbery, the other 'a well-kept and attractive garden', which was accessible to the Railway Co. and leaseholders of houses in the Square. It was maintained by a committee of inhabitants appointed under the Metropolis Management Act of 1855 through rates levied by St Pancras Borough Council, which by an Act of 1804 were not to exceed one shilling in the £ on the rateable value. The leases of the houses expired in 1934 and the landscaping that remains is now a small unlevel grassy site overlooked by three Council-owned tower blocks on the north and east which it serves as a garden, and bounded by the railway to the south. Some mature trees from the earlier landscaping survive, including London plane and lime. Some improvements have been carried out with paths and decorative wooden fencing and a large playground. A few areas of bedding are planted between the blocks. In 2005 work began on a £19m regeneration project to the buildings, to include some re-landscaping works.

Sources consulted:

Report of the Royal Commission on London Squares, 1928

Further Information (Planning and Conservation)
Grid ref:
TQ292831 (529225,183107)
Size in hectares:
Site ownership:
LB Camden
Site management:
Housing Dept.
1800; C20th
Listed structures:
On National Heritage List for England (NHLE), Parks & Gardens:

Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:

Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:


Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
In Conservation Area:
Tree Preservation Order:
Not known
Nature Conservation Area:
Green Belt:
Metropolitan Open Land:
Special Policy Area:
Other LA designation:
Public Open Space (Small Local). Site of square protected under London Squares Preservation Act of 1931

Ampthill Estate

Ampthill Estate, August 2002. Photo: S Williams

Ampthill Estate, August 2002. Photo: S Williams

Click a photo to enlarge.

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