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Inventory Site Record

Clarendon Road and Lansdowne Garden (Ladbroke Estate) * (Kensington & Chelsea)

Brief Description

* on The National Heritage List for England, Parks & Gardens

Clarendon Road and Lansdowne Garden is part of the Ladbroke Estate, laid out as a planned garden suburb with a coherent layout of concentric crescents and large communal gardens whose features were first suggested in a plan by architect and estate surveyor Thomas Allason in 1823. His scheme was later modified by others, including James Thomson, although he remained involved until his death in 1852. Building started in the 1840s; the outer concentric crescents date from the 1860s. During the lull in building development, the land was leased for a time for a racecourse, the Hippodrome, which operated from 1837-41. Clarendon Road and Lansdowne Garden is one of the earliest gardens on the estate.

Practical Information
Site location:
Clarendon Road/Lansdowne Rise
Postcode:
W11 3AG
What 3 Words:
tigers.cycles.rides
Type of site:
Garden Square
Borough:
Kensington & Chelsea
Open to public?
Occasionally
Opening times:
Has opened for OGSW. Otherwise private, for keyholders only Has taken part in Open Garden Squares Weekend in the past.
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport:
Tube: Holland Park (Central). Bus: 52, 94, 148, 452
Research updated:
01/10/2007
Last minor changes:
19/07/2023

Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news.

Full Site Description

Ladbroke Estate: Site on The National Heritage List for England, Parks & Gardens, for Register Entry see https://www.historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list. The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England was established in 1984 and was commonly called English Heritage. In April 2015 it split into 2 separate entities, Historic England (HE), which continues to champion and protect the historic environment, and the English Heritage Trust, whose role is to look after the 400+ historic sites and monuments owned by the state. HE manages the National Heritage List for England (NHLE) that includes over 400,000 items ranging from prehistoric monuments to office blocks, battlefields and parks, which benefit from legal protection.

The Ladbroke Estate was laid out as a planned garden suburb with a coherent layout of concentric crescents and large communal gardens whose features were first suggested in a plan by architect and estate surveyor Thomas Allason in 1823. His scheme was later modified by others, including James Thomson, although he remained involved until his death in 1852. Building started in the 1840s; the outer concentric crescents date from the 1860s. During the lull in building development, the land was leased for a time for a racecourse, the Hippodrome, which operated from 1837-41. After Allason's death, artist and designer Thomas Allom was responsible for the next phase of development.

Clarendon Road and Lansdowne Garden is one of the earliest gardens on the estate, and is bounded by large stucco houses along Clarendon Road to the west and Lansdowne Road to the east, both streets built in 1846. The garden slopes gently to the west and is backed to the west and east by private gardens with original internal railings. Most of the garden is open with scattered mature trees, and is bounded by a perimeter path and shrub beds. Grove of birch trees in centre of the gardens replaces a central shrub bed which was originally connected to the perimeter path by cross paths. Protected under 1863 Garden Square Act.

Sources consulted:

EH Register entry for Ladbroke Estate, 2002/3

Further Information (Planning and Conservation)
Grid ref:
TQ244805 (524415,180579)
Size in hectares:
0.4253
Site ownership:
private
Site management:
Date(s):
1846
Designer(s):
Thomas Allason, architect and surveyor (overall plan of Ladbroke Estate)
Listed structures:
LBII: 29 & 31, 33 & 35, 37 & 39, 41 & 43 Lansdowne Road (listed as pairs)
On National Heritage List for England (NHLE), Parks & Gardens:

Yes
NHLE grade:
Grade II
Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:

No
Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:

Yes

Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
No
In Conservation Area:
Yes
Conservation Area name:
Ladbroke
Tree Preservation Order:
Not known
Nature Conservation Area:
Yes - Borough Importance II
Green Belt:
No
Metropolitan Open Land:
No
Special Policy Area:
No
Other LA designation:
None

Please note the Inventory and its content are provided for your general information only and are subject to change. It is your responsibility to check the accuracy.