Inventory Site Record

St Helier Estate including Moreton Green (Merton)

Brief Description

St Helier Estate was the largest LCC estate to be built south of the river and spans the boroughs of Sutton and Merton. It is one of a number of important LCC cottage estates inspired by the Garden City movement encouraged by Sir Ebenezer Howard and the pioneering town planning of Barry Parker and Raymond Unwin whose common characteristic is small-scale housing, often with excellent detailing, cul-de-sacs, generous verges and communal open spaces. Moreton Green is one of the largest areas of green within the estate in Merton.

Practical Information
Site location:
Merevale Crescent/Middleton Road/Muchelney Road/Lilleshall Road
SM4 6HU (Moreton Green)
Type of site:
Housing/Estate Landscaping
Open to public?
Opening times:
Special conditions:
Play areas
Public transport:
Rail: St Helier. Bus: S1
Research updated:
Last minor changes:

Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news.

Full Site Description

This area was once ancient woodland and later in agricultural use. Moreton Green was land reserved by the LCC when it built the St Helier housing estate between 1929-36 on 334 hectares of former farmland, some of which had been used for Mitcham's herb and lavender industry. The estate spans two boroughs of Merton and Sutton and is named after Lady St Helier, an alderman of the LCC. It was designed by the LCC Architects Department under G. Topham Forrest and aimed to provide re-housing for those in the Inner City and to be a self-contained community with shops, schools, churches, places of recreation and a railway station. The roads were named after monastic establishments and the estate was planned on garden city ideals, where possible retaining mature trees from the previous landscape in the verges of the roads, and providing greens and shrubberies. Moreton Green is one of the largest area of green within the estate in Merton and used to have numerous elm trees, now largely oak; it consists of well-mown grass as well as some clumps of planting and an area of woodland scrub in the centre. There has been some new tree planting in recent years.

Sources consulted:

Ian Yarham, Dave Dawson, Martin Boyle, Rebecca Holliday 'Nature Conservation in Merton, Ecology Handbook 29', London Ecology Unit, 1998, p96; Paul Harper & others, 'Merton in Pictures Book 4: St Helier Estate' (Merton Library & Heritage Services, 2nd ed. 2000)

Further Information (Planning and Conservation)
Grid ref:
TQ264672 (526519,167242)
Size in hectares:
4.6 (Moreton Green)
Site ownership:
LB Merton
Site management:
Leisure and Culture Services
G Topham Forrest, LCC
Listed structures:
On National Heritage List for England (NHLE), Parks & Gardens:

Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:

Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:


Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
In Conservation Area:
Tree Preservation Order:
Nature Conservation Area:
Yes - Local Importance
Green Belt:
Metropolitan Open Land:
Special Policy Area:
Other LA designation:
Public Open Space (Moreton Green)

Please note the Inventory and its content are provided for your general information only and is subject to change. It is your responsibility to check the accuracy.