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Inventory Site Record

Montpelier Garden (Ladbroke Estate) * (Kensington & Chelsea)

Brief Description

* on The National Heritage List for England, Parks & Gardens

Part of the Ladbroke Estate, laid out as a planned garden suburb with a coherent layout of concentric crescents and large communal gardens whose features were first suggested in a plan by architect and estate surveyor Thomas Allason in 1823. His scheme was later modified by others, including James Thomson, although he remained involved until his death in 1852. Building started in the 1840s; the outer concentric crescents date from the 1860s. During the lull in building development, the land was leased for a time for a racecourse, the Hippodrome, which operated from 1837-41. After Allason's death, artist and designer Thomas Allom was responsible for the next phase of development.

Practical Information
Site location:
Lansdowne Road/Clarendon Road
Postcode:
W11
What 3 Words:
amused.shakes.army
Type of site:
Garden Square
Borough:
Kensington & Chelsea
Open to public?
No
Opening times:
private
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport:
Tube: Ladbroke Grove (Hammersmith & City). Bus: 23, 52, 70.
Research updated:
01/10/2007
Last minor changes:
19/07/2023

Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news.

Full Site Description

Ladbroke Estate: Site on The National Heritage List for England, Parks & Gardens, for Register Entry see https://www.historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list. The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England was established in 1984 and was commonly called English Heritage. In April 2015 it split into 2 separate entities, Historic England (HE), which continues to champion and protect the historic environment, and the English Heritage Trust, whose role is to look after the 400+ historic sites and monuments owned by the state. HE manages the National Heritage List for England (NHLE) that includes over 400,000 items ranging from prehistoric monuments to office blocks, battlefields and parks, which benefit from legal protection.

The Ladbroke Estate was laid out as a planned garden suburb with a coherent layout of concentric crescents and large communal gardens whose features were first suggested in a plan by architect and estate surveyor Thomas Allason in 1823. His scheme was later modified by others, including James Thomson, although he remained involved until his death in 1852. Building started in the 1840s; the outer concentric crescents date from the 1860s. During the lull in building development, the land was leased for a time for a racecourse, the Hippodrome, which operated from 1837-41. After Allason's death, artist and designer Thomas Allom was responsible for the next phase of development.

Montpelier Garden slopes to the west, largely open with fine mature trees. The garden curves between Lansdowne Road to the east with semi-detached villas of 1847, and terraced stucco houses of 1855-62, and terraced houses along Clarendon Road and Elgin Crescent to the west and north-west. The mid C19th meandering perimeter path survives but perimeter path lost. Scattered mature trees on the lawn include ash, poplar, horse chestnut, a weeping willow and a liquidamber. Iron gates were installed for 1977 Jubilee. Protected under 1863 Garden Square Act.

Sources consulted:

EH Register entry for Ladbroke Estate, 2002/3

Further Information (Planning and Conservation)
Grid ref:
TQ243807 (524346,180717)
Size in hectares:
0.6776
Site ownership:
private
Site management:
Date(s):
1840s-60s
Designer(s):
Thomas Allason, architect and surveyor (overall plan of Ladbroke Estate)
Listed structures:
LBII: 45 and 46 Lansdowne Road
On National Heritage List for England (NHLE), Parks & Gardens:

Yes
NHLE grade:
Grade II
Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:

No
Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:

Yes

Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
No
In Conservation Area:
Yes
Conservation Area name:
Ladbroke
Tree Preservation Order:
No
Nature Conservation Area:
Yes - Borough Importance II
Green Belt:
No
Metropolitan Open Land:
No
Special Policy Area:
check
Other LA designation:
None

Please note the Inventory and its content are provided for your general information only and are subject to change. It is your responsibility to check the accuracy.